How to Choose Trading Instruments when Trading on Forex – InfoGuide Nigeria

Trading tools play an important role in trading—especially the ones that are used to calculate pips. Each of them has its own characteristic features and therefore is suitable for specific strategies.

The different characteristics of commodities mean a rich choice and additional difficulties that a trader faces. Before starting trading transactions, he needs to understand what he can earn.

How Are Currency Pairs Traded?

According to the experience of the Exness broker, when starting their trading journey, many people choose currencies because their rates are considered to be easily predictable. Popular opinion does not always correspond to reality; even Forex pairs are sometimes not the best option.

They are pretty common in trading terminals. However, during periods of crisis, monetary units demonstrate high volatility, and their movements become unpredictable. Investing in one of them means a trader can lose a significant amount on exchange rate fluctuations.

There are a huge number of Forex instruments in the world, which are divided into several subspecies:


The most popular pairs are traded in each brokerage terminal. There are only 7 of them, and they all interact with the US dollar. These are the most liquid goods, due to which the minimum spreads are noted for them. A considerable number of exchange transactions creates all the conditions for Forex trading to be as fast and comfortable as possible.

Majors are well suited for beginners and those who do not want to take additional risks. The daily influx of buyers and sellers provides a situation where any order is instantly closed. Thanks to good bargaining, a person can receive impressive earnings in the long term.

Cross Rates

They differ from the previous group by excluding the US dollar in their composition. They are much more challenging to trade and bring much more profit if the quotes are successfully determined. This is because, regardless of the currencies, both pairs are correlated with the exchange rate of the dollar.


Exotics are those currency units that are traded the least. As a rule, these are quotes of banknotes of developing countries

Working with exotics is the most difficult because a trader will have to deal with a limited amount of analytics in addition to a relatively small amount of trading. News reports are published in unpopular languages ​​and are rarely translated. To keep track of important events in a particular country, you need to be a citizen of it or at least have access to news in an understandable language.

Each of the Forex trading instruments described above can theoretically generate income, but in practice, the activity is complicated by several factors. A trader needs to consider all the characteristic features when drawing up tactics.

Working with CFDs

CFDs allow for simplified trading with a relatively low entry threshold. If, in most markets, work begins with an investment of 100-200 dollars, then trading with several tens of USD is allowed here. Due to the considerable leverage, the client buys full-fledged lots for relatively little money. Thus, he can enrich himself much faster with minimal investment.

CFD is a contract for difference, in connection with which changes in quotes enrich the trader. The parties agree on the supply of goods for a specific cost. If the product rises in price within the agreed period, the buyer will earn money because he will make a profitable purchase at a lower cost. In the opposite case, when the product becomes cheaper, the seller benefits because, in the end, he sells the goods more expensive than the current cost.

The buyer of the contract does not become the owner of the goods. He can buy shares, currencies, or even raw materials, but he will not be able to dispose of them entirely. In the case of securities, a person will not receive dividend payments and will not participate in the company’s management. He will only make a profit or loss based on the final results of the period.

CFD trading has both positive and negative sides. Among the negative aspects, there are increased risks associated with considerable leverage. In the case of an erroneous price determination, the trader will lose much more than on a typical transaction. Beginners often drain all their capital in just a few transactions and leave the world market forever.

When working with contracts for difference, carefully study their features and protect yourself from substantial losses. To reduce potential losses, you can use money management rules and stop orders. By trading as carefully as possible, the investor will increase his chances of success.

How to Make Money on Futures, Forwards, and Depositary Receipts?

In addition to the main trading tools, there are derivatives. They allow you to increase the profitability of transactions and simplify the purchase procedure itself. Initially, such contracts were created to implement an actual sale, but recently they have gained particular popularity among traders.

Futures Contract

This is an exchange contract used to fix the value at the current moment. At the same time, the place and time of delivery in the future, as the quantity and quality of the product are specified. The execution of the contract is carried out at the end of its validity period. The seller is obliged to deliver the BA, and the buyer pays the full transaction amount.

The document may involve the actual or theoretical delivery of goods. In the latter case, one of the parties pays the difference between the previous and current quotation, after which the transaction ends. Such transactions are often carried out on the stock exchange. Experienced traders usually use them because, to make a profit, it is necessary to conduct a thorough technical analysis.


Unlike futures, forwards do not have standardization and act as an over-the-counter trading asset. After the conclusion of the contract, only accurate delivery can be made, and speculative transactions are excluded. As a rule, such documentation is used by enterprises that wish to hedge risks and protect themselves from unscrupulous partners.

Depositary receipts

They are a certificate issued by a Central Bank for the right to own a certain number of foreign firms. Each such document implies its payment currency. American and global depositary receipts are the most popular in the world markets. They provide an opportunity to make a profit in a relatively stable monetary unit.

Stocks as Trading Tools

The stock market is considered one of the most profitable because, in addition to earning on the growth or fall of securities, the holder can enrich himself through dividends. High profitability and good predictability have made the stock market an absolute leader, but there are some flaws here too.

Stock trading began in the 19th century and has not ceased. The indisputable advantages of securities of large companies include high profitability, predictability, and low intraday volatility. By following the movement of the chart on, the investor will not lose too much money. The quote changes slowly enough to exit the trade with minimal losses.

Stock prices are strongly influenced by the financial statements of the issuing companies. The more efficient the enterprise’s economic activity, the greater the chances of getting good earnings in the future. This fact impacts investor sentiment and contributes to a sharp increase in purchases or sales.

Another critical factor is the economic and political situation of the issuing country. The poor financial situation in the state affects the success of each enterprise. The introduction of additional tax incentives or an increase in the state fee will be reflected in the graphical visualization of the price.

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