The pandemic day-trading boom has gone bust — here’s why – Financial News

A swooning stock market and high inflation have sapped individual investors’ enthusiasm for buying and selling stocks. That was on display in earnings reports and financial disclosures from some of the biggest retail brokerages in recent weeks.

The average daily number of retail trades handled by Charles Schwab fell to 5.52 million in the third quarter, the lowest level since it acquired TD Ameritrade Holding in late 2020. At Morgan Stanley, retail traders placed an average of 805,000 trades a day in the third quarter. That was down 16% from a year earlier and the lowest level since the investment bank bought E*Trade Financial in late 2020.

Those activity levels are well off highs notched at the zenith of the meme-stock era, when individual investors drove rallies in the share prices of companies including GameStop. In the first quarter of 2021, Schwab reported 8.41 million daily average trades, while Morgan Stanley reported 1.62 million.

“Obviously, we’re seeing some decreased level of transactional activity,” said Andy Saperstein, Morgan Stanley’s co-president and head of wealth management, at an investor conference in September. “But really nothing that I would say is either surprising or anything but rational if you have a market like this.”

At Robinhood Markets, the go-to trading app for young investors, July was the weakest month for average daily volume for stocks and options trading in company records going back to March 2021. The company saw a slight rebound in August, the most recent month for which data are available.

Robinhood chief executive Vlad Tenev said at the September investor conference that the company’s customers care about different things this year compared with one or two years ago, citing Google Trends searches as a good proxy.

“2020 and 2021, people were really interested in investing in stocks,” Tenev said. “There was widespread participation in the stock market. Now people are talking about gas prices and inflation.”

Some stocks can still fluctuate based on the sentiment of the meme-stock crowd. Shares in Bed Bath & Beyond and AMC Entertainment Holdings skyrocketed in August after individuals purchased stocks and bullish call options, though those gains have been erased since then.

Robinhood, which doesn’t report its third-quarter earnings until next month, has been cutting costs in response to lower volumes. In August, the company said it would cut about 23% of its full-time staff, its second round of layoffs this year, citing “additional deterioration of the macro environment,” including what has been a 40-year high in inflation.

“Last year, we staffed many of our operations functions under the assumption that the heightened retail engagement we had been seeing with the stock and crypto markets in the Covid era would persist into 2022,” Tenev wrote in an August blog post. “In this new environment, we are operating with more staffing than appropriate.”

Write to Peter Rudegeair at peter.rudegeair@wsj.com

This article was published by The Wall Street Journal, part of Dow Jones

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